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Oral history interview with Yakov Lieberman

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0051.12 | RG Number: RG-50.308.0012

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    Oral history interview with Yakov Lieberman


    Interview Summary
    Yakov (Kuba) Lieberman, born in Krakow, Poland in 1915, describes being a member of the Akiba youth movement; being in the Polish military until he got injured in a battle between Poland and Germany in 1939; leaving the hospital when the Germans were searching for Jewish soldiers and living with his aunt; the Krakow Ghetto and receiving medical care in the Jewish hospital; Jews being ordered to wear a yellow star on their clothes in early 1940; moving with his family to a town named Skala; assisting his brother who was a dentist; being sent to the labor camp in Płaszów and registering as a dentist; seeing patients in the clinic and being allowed to take a group of people by foot once a day to the hospital in Krakow ghetto; his involvement with Aharon “Dolek” Liebeskind’s underground resistance group (Akiba) beginning in 1942; his brother’s arrest and death; getting 20 Akiba members get from Krakow to Bochnia with the help of Jozef Wulf; how Poldek Wasserman or Romek Lustgarten would pass messages between Yakov and Dolek or Shimshon “Simek” Draenger; hearing that Dolek was killed and Simek was arrested; the arrest of Simek’s wife (Gusta “Justyna” Dawidson Draenger) and Romek Lustgarten; a meeting in early 1943 in Zielonki, Poland between Yakov, Hilel Wodzislawski, Poldek Wasserman, Hersz Bauminger, Natek Weissman, and Julek Apple; deciding to take the survivors to the woods; being taken to Pomorska for interrogations and then to Montelupich prison; seeing Simek briefly after being interrogated; being sent to Auschwitz, where he saw Poldek, Simek, and the Shrieber brothers; being transferred with Shlomo Shine to the Golleschau cement factory, where they stayed almost until the end of the war along with Gustek Duitcher; the transport of his parents to Slomniki and then Belzec, where they perished; being able to get his brother transferred from Belzec to Płaszów; being released from Mauthausen on May 9, 1945 and hitchhiking home; finding his brother in north Krakow and friends from the Akiba movement; and leaving Krakow because he did not feel safe there.
    Yakov Lieberman
    Dr. Eli Pfefferkorn
    interview:  1987 October 20
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, United States Holocaust Memorial Council

    Physical Details

    3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

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    Administrative Notes

    The interview with Yakov Lieberman was conducted on October 20, 1987 by Eli Pfefferkorn for the Krakow Underground Project. The project was coordinated by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council in Israel with Holocaust survivors who were members of the Krakow Underground.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:27:03
    This page:

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