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Oral history interview with Nathan Moncharsh

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.478 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0478

The interviews describe Mr. Moncharsh's childhood in Chmielnik and Łódź, Poland; his experiences in Łódź ghetto beginning in December 1939; and the ways he and his family survived there. He describes many of the deportations, including liquidation of hospitals; the work he performed as a bricklayer building factories; the rations; observations of Chaim Rumkowski; and the continual influx of Jews from the west beginning in 1940. He discusses the deaths of family members from illness and starvation, his deportation on the final train from Łódź to Auschwitz in September 1944, and the transportation in cattle cars. He describes his time in Auschwitz, from the initial selection performed by Josef Mengele to the work he performed as a bricklayer as well as his responsibility for the soup pots. Mr. Moncharsh describes the changes in the camp that began in November 1944, the bombings, and the death march to Flossenbürg in February 1945. He describes a subsequent death march to Dachau, liberation by the Americans in April 1945, and his health problems and malnourishment after liberation. He discusses his immigration to the United States in 1949 and his life in San Francisco after the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Nathan Moncharsh
interview:  1991 March 21
interview:  1991 April 25
interview:  1991 May 14
interview:  1991 July 11
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:25
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