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Oral history interview with Miriam Samuel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.491 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0491

Miriam Samuel (née Farach), born on July 24, 1924, discusses her childhood in a small town in Czechoslovakia; growing up in a large family; her early experiences of antisemitism; the fears engendered by the rise of Hitler to power in Germany; the occupation of their family home by Hungarian troops in 1939; the loss of the family business; the family's arrest; a three-week journey, where she endured brutal ill treatment by Ukrainian police; witnessing sexual assaults, murders of the elderly and children, the shooting of men, and beatings; life in a ghetto where starvation and illness were rampant, and where her brother died of malnourishment; evading a round up of Jews for execution, and hiding in the countryside with her mother; being caught and escaping again to Hungary where they lived and worked in relative safety until 1944 when she was deported to Auschwitz; her experiences in Auschwitz, working for an SS officer, and the death march she endured; being moved to a military camp, where they were abandoned and then liberated by American soldiers in May 1945; her return to Czechoslovakia; her marriage to a fellow survivor; living with her husband in displaced persons camps in Romania and Germany and the conditions there; and her immigration to the United States in February 1948.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Miriam Samuel
Barbara Barer
interview:  1991 December 10
interview:  1991 December 18
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:54
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