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Oral history interview with Antonin Daniel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0445.22 | RG Number: RG-50.444.0022

Antonin Daniel, born on June 4, 1922 in Bilovec, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes being one of five children in a Romani family; being sent to Hodonin concentration camp in Czechoslovakia in 1940; working in a rock quarry; being released after seven months and returning to Bilovec; being deported one year later to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland; constructing a Romani camp (Birkenau) in Rajsko, Poland; being one of 200 Roma sent to Stammlager Auschwitz, where he was reunited with his brothers; working at a railway station, loading and unloading wagons; being discharged from the infirmary for a leg wound and being sent to work in the gas chambers; helping to undress prisoners and collect their jewelry; being forbidden to reveal to people where they were going as they headed into the gas chambers; peering into the chamber during the gassings and watching people falling down dead; working in the gas chambers for two days and spending two days hauling bodies to the crematoria; getting more food for working these assignments; he and his brothers being transported to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany in 1944; being transferred to Dora concentration camp in Germany, where conditions were harsh; being part of a death march to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in the spring of 1945; the liberation of Bergen-Belsen in April 1945; returning with his brothers to Bilovec, finding their house plundered and ruined; moving to Olomouc, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) and getting a job working in construction; and getting married in 1950 and having eight children.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Antonin Daniel
Hilde Gattmann
Anne G. Saldinger
interview:  1997 June 22
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:49
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