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Text only red poster announcing the execution of French hostages after the assassination of a German officer

Object | Accession Number: 2003.189.6

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    Text only red poster announcing the execution of French hostages after the assassination of a German officer
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Broadside on red paper announcing the execution of hostages held by the Germans in retaliation for the assassination of a local German military commander, Hotz, on October 20, 1941, in Nantes, France, by resistance fighters. A reward of 15,000 francs was offered for information leading to the capture of the resistance fighters. This event was called Les Fusilles de Chateaubriant. In revenge for the assassination, the Germans rounded up 100 men from surrounding villages and threatened to execute all of the hostages if the persons who committed the crime were not found. The hostages were interned in the camp of Choisel in the commune of Chateaubriant. Fifty hostages were executed on October 22, 1941.
    Title
    Bekanntmachung: 15 millionen franken
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1941 October 21
    Geography
    issue: Paris (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Markings
    front, left column, top, title, black ink : BEKANNTMACHUNG [NOTICE]
    front, left column, center, black ink : Feige Verbrecher, die im Solde / Englands und Moskaus stehen, haben am / Morgen des 20. Oktober 1941 den Feld- / kommandanten in Nantes hinterruecks / erschossen. Die Taeter sind bisher nicht / gefasst. / Zur Suehne fuer dieses Verbrechen / habe ich zunaechst die Erschiessung von / 50 Geiseln angeordnet. / Falls die Taeter nicht bis zum Ablauf des 23. Oktober 1941 er- / griffen sind, werden im Hinblick / auf die Schwere der Tat weitere / 50 Geiseln erschossen werden. / Fuer diejenigen Landeseinwohner, die / zur Ermittlung der Taeter beitragen, / setze ich eine Belohnung im Gesamtbetrag / von / 15 MILLIONEN FRANKEN / aus. / Zweckdienliche Mitteilungen, die auf / Wunsch vertraulich behandelt werden, / nimmt jede deutsche oder franzoesische / Polizeidienststelle entgegen. [Cowardly Criminals, who are in the pay of England and Moscow, shot the Field Commander in Nantes in the back on the morning of October 20, 1941. So far, the perpetrators have not been caught. For atonement for this crime, I initially ordered the shooting of 50 hostages. If the perpetrators are not arrested by the end of October 23, 1941, another 50 hostages will be shot in view of the seriousness of the deed. For those countrymen, who help to identify the perpetrators, I put out a reward totaling 15 million Francs. Useful information is accepted at any German or French police station, and will be kept confidential upon request.]
    front, left column, bottom, black ink : Paris, den 21. Oktober 1941. / Der Militärbefehlshaber in Frankreich / von STÜLPNAGEL / General der Infanterie. [Paris, October 21, 1941. The Military Commander in France, von Stulpnagel, General of Infantry.]
    front, right column, top, title, black ink : AVIS [NOTICE]
    front, right column, center, black ink : De lâches criminels, à la solde de / l’Angleterre et de Moscou, ont tué, à coups / de feu tirés dans le dos, le Feld- / commandant de Nantes (Loire-Inf.), au / matin du 20 Octobre 1941. Jusqu’ici les / assassins n’ont pas été arrêtés. / En expiation de ce crime, j’ai ordonné / préalablement de faire fusiller 50 otages. / Étant donné la gravité du / crime, 50 autres otages seront / fusillés au cas où les coupables ne / seraient pas arrêtés d’ici le 23 Octobre / 1941 à minuit. / J’offre une recompense d’une somme totale de / 15 MILLIONS DE FRANCS / aux habitants du pays qui contribueraient / à la découverte des coupables. / Des informations utiles pourront être / déposées à chaque service de police / allemande ou français. Sur demande, ces / informations seront traitées confidentiel- /lement. [Cowardly Criminals, who are in the pay of England and Moscow, shot the Field Commander in Nantes (Loire-Inf.) in the back on the morning of October 20, 1941. So far, the perpetrators have not been caught. For atonement for this crime, I initially ordered the shooting of 50 hostages. If the perpetrators are not arrested by the end of October 23, 1941, another 50 hostages will be shot in view of the seriousness of the deed. For those countrymen, who help to identify the perpetrators, I put out a reward totaling 15 million Francs. Useful information is accepted at any German or French police station. This information will be kept confidential, upon request.]
    front, right column, bottom, black ink : Paris, le 21 Octobre 1941. / Der Militärbefehlshaber in Frankreich / von STÜLPNAGEL / General der Infanterie. [Paris, October 21, 1941. The Military Commander in France, von Stulpnagel, General of Infantry.]

    Physical Details

    Language
    French German
    Classification
    Posters
    Physical Description
    Rectangular paper poster with printed text in black ink against a red background with a black border. The text block in the left is in German; the information is repeated in French in the text block on the right. There is a partial paper label with text adhered on the back lower left side.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 29.750 inches (75.565 cm) | Width: 43.875 inches (111.443 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    reverse, on label, handwritten : Stü̈lpnagel

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-05-30 13:57:16
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn513596

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