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Karl Schwesig political cartoon mocking a Nazi parade

Object | Accession Number: 1988.5.1

Satirical drawing created by Karl Schwesig in February 1938 in Antwerp, with caricatures of soldiers, a Nazi officer, and Nazi eagles on a parade float. It is part of a series of eight political cartoons published in an illegal newspaper, the Kolner Rosenmontags-Zeitung (Cologne Rose Monday Newspaper). The newspaper was distributed at the Cologne Carnival on Rose Monday before Lent in early 1938. The printer in Cologne was unable to smuggle the dangerous drawings out of Germany, so he kept them in his shop, where they were damaged by a fire during the war. After Hitler came to power in January 1933, Schwesig, a Communist, was arrested and jailed for 16 months. After his release in 1935, he lived in Antwerp, Belgium. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium. Schwesig was arrested and sent to Vichy France, where he was held in St. Cyprien, Gurs, Noe, and Nexon internment camps. In 1943, he was sent to Ulmer Hoeh prison in Dusseldorf, Germany, where he was liberated by American forces in April 1945.

Artwork Title
Der Achs-Ionär
Alternate Title
Series Title
Rosenmontag [Rose Monday]
creation:  1938 February
creation: Antwerp (Belgium)
distribution: Cologne (Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:31
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