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Cartoon by Karl Schwesig of Nazi soldiers bowing to a part human/part animal puppet

Object | Accession Number: 1988.5.2

Satirical ink drawing created by Karl Schwesig in February 1938 in Antwerp, depicting Nazi soldiers bowing to a marionette caricature of the Duke of Windsor, formerly Edward VIII of Great Britain, whose given name was David. He abdicated the throne in 1936 to marry Wallis Simpson. The couple accepted an invitation from Hitler's government and visited Nazi Germany in October 1937. It is from a series of eight political cartoons published in an illegal newspaper, the Kolner Rosenmontags-Zeitung (Cologne Rose Monday Newspaper). The newspaper was distributed at the Cologne Carnival on Rose Monday before Lent in early 1938. The printer in Cologne was unable to smuggle the dangerous drawings out of Germany, so he kept them in his shop, where they were damaged by a fire during the war. After Hitler came to power in January 1933, Schwesig, a Communist, was arrested and jailed for 16 months. After his release in 1935, he lived in Antwerp, Belgium. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium. Schwesig was arrested and sent to Vichy France, where he was held in St. Cyprien, Gurs, Noe, and Nexon internment camps. In 1943, he was sent to Ulmer Hoeh prison in Dusseldorf, Germany, where he was liberated by American forces in April 1945.

Artwork Title
Schade, dass der junge David Heisst
Alternate Title
Pity, that the boy is called David
Pity the Young David Heisst
Series Title
Rosenmontag
Date
1938 February  (creation)
Geography
creation : Antwerp (Belgium)
distribution : Cologne (Germany)
Language
German
French
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-01-23 13:32:34
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513886