Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Unfinished red glass beadwork made by a Dutch Jewish girl in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2003.155.2

Unfinished length of red glass beadwork made by Rachel “Chelly” de Groot from November 1942 to April 1944 and recovered by her brother Louis after the war. The beadwork may have been for a bracelet. Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, and implemented anti-Jewish restrictions. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations. On November 16, 1942, Chelly, 15, Louis, 13, and their parents Meijer and Sophia left Arnhem and went into hiding after the Dutch police warned them of a raid. Meijer and Sophia hid in Amsterdam while Chelly and Louis moved around to different locations. In summer or fall 1943, Chelly went to Amsterdam to live with her parents. In December, Louis was sent to Lemmer to live with the Onderweegs family. In February 1944, Dirk Onderweegs visited and offered to take Chelly to a safer hiding place. On April 8, 1944, four days before Dirk was to return, Chelly and her parents were denounced and arrested. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, then to Auschwitz. Chelly and Sophia were killed upon arrival in Auschwitz on May 22, 1944. Meijer was selected for a work detail and was killed on September 30, 1944. Louis remained in hiding with Onderweegs until liberation in mid-April 1945.

creation:  approximately 1942 November-before 1944 April
recovered:  approximately 1946 August-1950
creation: Netherlands
Decorative Arts
Object Type
Glass beads (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Louis de Groot
Record last modified: 2023-09-15 10:20:27
This page: