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Small red glass beads used by a Dutch Jewish girl in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2003.155.5

Small red glass beads used by Rachel “Chelly” de Groot from November 1942 to April 1944 and recovered by her brother Louis after the war. Chelly used the beads to make handicrafts. Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, and implemented anti-Jewish Semitic restrictions. The Germans began mass deportations in July 1942. On November 16, 1942, Chelly, 15, Louis, 13, and their parents Meijer and Sophia left Arnhem and went into hiding after the Dutch police warned them of a raid. Meijer and Sophia hid in Amsterdam while Chelly and Louis moved around to different locations. In summer or fall 1943, Chelly went to Amsterdam to live with her parents. In December, Louis was sent to Lemmer to live with the Onderweegs family. In February 1944, Dirk Onderweegs visited and offered to take Chelly to a safer hiding place. On April 8, 1944, four days before Dirk was to return for Chelly, Chelly and her parents were denounced and arrested. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, then to Auschwitz. Chelly and Sophia were killed upon arrival in Auschwitz on May 22, 1944. Meijer was selected for a work detail and was killed on September 30, 1944. Louis survived the Holocaust in hiding with the Onderweegs family.

use:  after 1942 November-before 1944 April
recovered:  approximately 1946 August-1950
use: Netherlands
Decorative Arts
Object Type
Glass beads (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Louis de Groot
Record last modified: 2023-09-15 10:20:22
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