Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Hand knitted floral wall hanging made prewar by a Dutch Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2003.155.8

Floral patterned, fringed wall hanging created by Sophia Swaab de Groot in 1938 or 1939 in Arnhem, Netherlands, and recovered by her son Louis after the war. Sophia made the wall hanging to protect the wall behind the living room couch. She worked on it for hours over several nights and used a paper pattern to create it. Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940 and implemented anti-Jewish restrictions. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations. On November 16, 1942, Chelly, 15, Louis, 13, and their parents Meijer and Sophia left Arnhem and went into hiding. Meijer and Sophia hid in Amsterdam while Chelly and Louis moved around to different locations. In summer/fall 1943, Chelly went to Amsterdam to live with her parents. In December, Louis was sent to Lemmer to live with the Onderweegs family. In February 1944, Dirk Onderweegs visited and offered to take Chelly to a safer hiding place. On April 8, 1944, four days before Dirk was to return, Chelly and her parents were denounced and arrested. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, then to Auschwitz where Chelly and Sophia were killed upon arrival on May 22, 1944. Meijer was selected for a work detail and was killed on September 30, 1944. Louis remained in hiding with Onderweegs until liberation in mid-April 1945.

Date
1938-1939  (creation)
1946 August-1950  (recovered)
Geography
creation : Arnhem (Netherlands)
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Needlework
Object Type
Wall hangings (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Louis de Groot
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:22:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn605150