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Oral history interview with Joan Kris

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.603 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0603

Joan Kris discusses her childhood in Berlin, Germany; her memories of increasing antisemitism after the Nazi rise to power, including being forced to change schools; observing Nazi attempts to decrease public antisemitism during the 1936 Olympic games; her father's escape from arrest after Kristallnacht in November 1938 and the forced sale of his business; the family's decision to leave Germany; the family's unsuccessful attempts to get visas to the United States, Cuba, and Egypt; their decision to go to Shanghai, China in 1939; the boat voyage and her initial impressions of Shanghai; the family's poverty; the uncomfortable conditions in Shanghai; her father's difficulties adjusting to his new economic status; and her mother's efforts to support the family; working as a governess to the family of the British Consul; her marriage in 1943; and her family's immigration to the United States in 1947.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Joan Kris
Peter Ryan
interview:  2002 January 30
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:52:31
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