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Model Stuka airplane made by liberated concentration camp inmate and given to US military aid worker

Object | Accession Number: 1988.112.61

Model German Stuka bomber presented to Lt. Milton Shurr, a Jewish American soldier, made by a former prisoner at the recently liberated Buchenwald concentration camp. He was told that the models were made for the SS camp officers. First Lt. Shurr, Civil Affairs Unit, assisted in planning for D-Day, June 6, 1944. He landed on Omaha Beach soon after the invasion to organize supplies, then was placed with the 1st Army Displaced Persons Team. On April 11, 1945, the US Third Army liberated Buchenwald. Command of the camp was transferred to the 1st Army, which was responsible for establishing order, improving camp conditions, and caring for the inmates. Shurr worked 16 hour days trying to find food for 15,000 starving survivors. He later was sent to Bavaria as a health welfare officer to assist with the re-establishment of schools, hospitals, and other social services by the US Military occupation government. In 1949, he declined a permanent position and returned to the US.

received:  1945 April-1945 May
received: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Milton L. Shurr
Record last modified: 2021-12-10 07:34:40
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