Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Copy of Mein Kampf inscribed to newlywed found at a concentration camp by US military aid worker

Publication | Accession Number: 1988.112.56 a-b

Copy of Mein Kampf found by Lt. Milton Shurr, a Jewish American soldier, in April 1945 at the recently liberated Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. It had belonged to one of the SS officers and is signed by the mayor of Trier, Germany and inscribed with best wishes for newlyweds. Shurr was housed in the former officer's barrack. Shurr, Civil Affairs Unit, assisted in planning for D-Day, June 6, 1944. He landed on Omaha Beach soon after the invasion to organize supplies, then was placed with the 1st Army Displaced Persons Team. On April 11, 1945, the US Third Army liberated Buchenwald. Command of the camp was transferred to the 1st Army, which was responsible for establishing order and caring for the inmates. Shurr worked 16 hour days trying to find food for 15,000 starving survivors. He later was sent to Bavaria as a health welfare officer to assist with the re-establishment of schools, hospitals, and other social services by the US Military occupation government. In 1949, he declined a permanent position and returned to the US.

Title
Mein Kampf
Date
1941  (publication/distribution)
1945 April-1945 May  (found)
Geography
found : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
publication : Munich (Germany)
Language
German
Object Type
Books--German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Milton L. Shurr
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2017-11-14 10:22:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521837