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Mein Kampf

Object | Accession Number: 1988.112.56 a-b

Copy of Mein Kampf found by Lt. Milton Shurr, a Jewish American soldier, in April 1945 at the recently liberated Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. It had belonged to one of the SS officers and is signed by the mayor of Trier, Germany and inscribed with best wishes for newlyweds. Shurr was housed in the former officer's barrack. Shurr, Civil Affairs Unit, assisted in planning for D-Day, June 6, 1944. He landed on Omaha Beach soon after the invasion to organize supplies, then was placed with the 1st Army Displaced Persons Team. On April 11, 1945, the US Third Army liberated Buchenwald. Command of the camp was transferred to the 1st Army, which was responsible for establishing order and caring for the inmates. Shurr worked 16 hour days trying to find food for 15,000 starving survivors. He later was sent to Bavaria as a health welfare officer to assist with the re-establishment of schools, hospitals, and other social services by the US Military occupation government. In 1949, he declined a permanent position and returned to the US.

publication/distribution:  1941
found:  1945 April-1945 May
found: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
publication: Munich (Germany)
Object Type
Books--Germany (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Milton L. Shurr
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 13:58:36
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