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Buchenwald Standort-Kantine camp scrip, 2 Reichsmark, with inscription found by US military aid worker

Object | Accession Number: 1988.112.60

Inscribed 2 Reichsmark Buchenwald Kantine coupon found by Lt. Milton Shurr, a Jewish American soldier, in April-May 1945 in the recently liberated Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. First Lt. Shurr, Civil Affairs Unit, assisted in planning for D-Day, June 6, 1944. He landed on Omaha Beach soon after the invasion to organize supplies, then was placed with the 1st Army Displaced Persons Team. On April 11, 1945, the US Third Army liberated Buchenwald. Command of the camp was transferred to the 1st Army, which was responsible for establishing order, improving camp conditions, and caring for the inmates. Shurr worked 16 hour days trying to find food for 15,000 starving survivors. He later was sent to Bavaria as a health welfare officer to assist with the re-establishment of schools, hospitals, and other social services by the US Military occupation government. In 1949, he declined a permanent position and returned to the US.

Date
1945 April-1945 May  (found)
Geography
found : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
English
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Milton L. Shurr
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521823