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Heart shaped carved stone ashtray acquired by a British officer

Object | Accession Number: 2003.465.4

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    Heart shaped carved stone ashtray acquired by a British officer


    Brief Narrative
    Handcarved ashtray in the shape of a heart made by an internee at a British detention camp on Cyprus. It was given to or found by Lt. D.P. Grehan, Royal Irish Fusiliers, British Army, an officer at the Karaolos camp from March 1947 to June 1948. This piece was made from the local limestone, a frequently used material. Their tools were often made of recycled materials, such as tin cans, or nails and wood. The Joint Distribution Committee set up craft workshops to alleviate the boredom of confinement and the British encouraged it as a way to occupy the inmates. The internees were Ma'apilim, illegal immigrants, most Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, captured while trying to reach Eretz Israel without permission from the British. Great Britain controlled Palestine under a United Nations mandate and enforced very restrictive immigration policies. The huge number of postwar displaced persons led the British to set up the camps in 1946 as a deterrent. Ships attempting to bring unauthorized refugees were stopped by the British Navy and the passengers were interned on Cyprus. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was established. Within six months, most of the refugees interned on Cyprus were welcomed into the Jewish homeland.
    received:  after 1947 March-approximately 1948
    creation: Karaolos, British Army and detention camp; Famagusta (Cyprus)
    received: Karaolos, British Army and detention camp; Famagusta (Cyprus)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    front, left, carved : SYPRUS
    Original owner: D. P. Grehan
    D.P. Grehan was born in Ireland. As an adult, he joined the Royal Irish Fusiliers, one of three Irish units in the British Army, and served in World War II (1939-1945). In March 1947, Lieutenant Grehan was stationed on the island of Cyprus, which was ruled by the British under a United Nations mandate. He served as a commanding officer at H.Q. 1, overseeing internees at the British detention camp at Caraolos. The majority of the internees held at the camp were Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, many of whom were captured while trying to immigrate to Palestine illegally. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was established and, within six months, all of the internees on Cyprus were transported to the Jewish homeland. Lt. Grehan’s service in Cyprus concluded when the camp was closed in 1948.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Ashtrays (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Heavy, light brown limestone ashtray carved in the shape of a heart with a shallow, heart shaped well, a wide, textured edge, smooth sides, and textured bottom exterior. An angled, shallow depression to hold a cigarette is carved on the top right and top left edges. There is a carved arch and triangle design on the lower right and text on the lower left.
    overall: Height: 0.625 inches (1.588 cm) | Width: 3.500 inches (8.89 cm) | Depth: 4.000 inches (10.16 cm)
    overall : stone

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The carved stone book was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:15
    This page:

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