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Stein marching compass in a hinged case acquired by a British officer

Object | Accession Number: 2003.465.7

German marching compass in a hinged Bakelite case acquired by Lt. D.P. Grehan, a Royal Irish Fusilier in the British Army who served as a commanding officer in a Karaolos detention camp on Cyprus from March 1947 to June 1948. This compass was manufactured by the German company Carl von Stein around 1939, and often used by the German military. It is likely a variation of the TYP 39, although it does not have a sighting slot cut into the lid or inner disk. The internees were Ma'apilim, illegal immigrants, most Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, captured while trying to reach Eretz Israel without permission from the British. Great Britain controlled Palestine under a United Nations mandate and enforced very restrictive immigration policies. The huge number of postwar displaced persons led the British to set up the camps in 1946 as a deterrent. Ships attempting to bring unauthorized refugees were stopped by the British Navy and the passengers were interned on Cyprus. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was established. Within six months, most of the refugees interned on Cyprus were welcomed into the Jewish homeland.

received:  after 1947 March-1948
manufacture:  approximately 1939
received: Karaolos, British Army and detention camp; Famagusta (Cyprus)
manufacture: Munich (Germany)
Tools and Equipment
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:17:14
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