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Hashomer Hatzair white and blue banner for Kibbutz Safiac acquired by a British officer

Object | Accession Number: 2003.465.10

White and blue cloth banner with a blue and white Star of David and Hashomer Hatzair emblem acquired by Lt. D.P. Grehan, a Royal Irish Fusilier in the British Army who served as a commanding officer in Karaolos detention camp on Cyprus from March 1947 to June 1948. It is emblazoned with the slogan: Be strong and of good cheer. The Ha-shomer Ha-tsa'ir Workers Party of Palestine, a Marxist-Zionist political party allied to the Kibbutz and socialist youth movements, was founded in 1946. Banners like these were used by internees at their tents and in parades and ceremonies. The internees were Ma'apilim, illegal immigrants, most Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, captured while trying to reach . Israel without permission from the British. Great Britain controlled Palestine under a United Nations mandate and enforced very restrictive immigration policies. The huge number of postwar displaced persons led the British to set up the camps in 1946 as a deterrent. Ships attempting to bring unauthorized refugees were stopped by the British Navy and the passengers were interned on Cyprus. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was established. Within six months, most of the refugees interned on Cyprus were welcomed into the Jewish homeland.

received:  after 1947 March-approximately 1948 June
creation: Karaolos, British Army and detention camp; Famagusta (Cyprus)
received: Karaolos, British Army and detention camp; Famagusta (Cyprus)
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Banners (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-06-02 08:53:13
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