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Oral history interview with Raya Kats

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.844 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0844

Raya Kats discusses her childhood in Odessa, Ukraine; the loss of her father's property under the Stalin regime and his deportation to Siberia, which he evaded and returned to his family; the occupation of Odessa by Nazi authorities; the roundup and maltreatment of Jews; an incident in which many were locked in a church and set on fire; the establishment of a ghetto; being sheltered with her mother and sister by a neighbor and living in a cave under his home; the neighbor's murder by Nazi troops; her father's murder during an action; being forced out of hiding and being apprehended by the police; the shooting of her mother and sister; being spared because she was only 12 years old; her return to the ghetto; her experiences in the ghetto of Ambarova from 1941 until 1944; the murders and cruelties she witnessed; her illness with typhus; the assistance she received from non-Jewish villagers; the liberation of the ghetto; her return to Odessa; finding a place in a children's home; her work as a manicurist; her marriages; antisemitism in the Soviet Union; and her immigration to the United States in 1989.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Raya Kats
Rita Gopstein
Maria Vengerova
interview:  1991 October 17
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:53:00
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