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Weimar Germany Reichsbanknote, 500 million marks, owned by an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2004.709.6

Emergency currency, valued at 500 million marks, likely acquired by Dr. Erich Maier. The note was issued in 1923 by the German government during the period of hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic. The small circle watermark indicates a private firm printer.After Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938, Dr. Maier and his family decided to leave due to the anti-Jewish laws and persecution by the German authorities. In November 1938, Erich, his wife Ella, and his stepdaughters, Amelia, 9, and Gerda, 7, left for the US. He and Ella submitted several affidavits of support to help family members escape Europe, but Erich lost nearly all his family. After the war ended in May 1945, Erich worked as a censor for the US War Department in the American zone of occupation. He and Ella worked for the World Jewish Congress in New York and, while in Europe, Erich was their unofficial representative and provided aid in displaced persons camps.

Date
1923 September 01  (issue)
Geography
issue : Berlin (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Jonas Gross
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn516979