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Weimar Germany Reichsbanknote, 1 billion marks, owned by an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2004.709.12

Emergency currency, valued at 1 billion marks, likely acquired by Dr. Erich Maier. The note was originally issued in 1922 by the German government in the amount of 1,000 marks but as a result of hyperinflation it was overprinted with a 1 billion amount in 1923. It features an image of the Meister of the Imperial German Mint, Jorg Herz. After Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938, Erich’s law practice in Vienna was confiscated because he was Jewish. In November, he decided to leave the country for the United States with his wife, Ella, and two step-daughters, Amelia and Gerda. After the war ended in May 1945, Erich worked as a censor for the United States War Department in the American zone of occupation in Germany. He also worked with the World Jewish Congress in Germany to provide aid for those in displaced persons camps.

issue:  1923
issue: Berlin (Germany)
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Jonas Gross
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:28:52
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