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Weimar Germany Reichsbanknote, 2 million marks, owned by an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2004.709.9

Emergency currency, valued at 2 million marks, likely acquired by Dr. Erich Maier. The note was issued in 1923 by the German government during the hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic. The oak leaf garland watermark indicates a private firm printer. It features an image of the Hanse merchant, Georg Giese. After Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938, Erich’s law practice in Vienna was confiscated because he was Jewish. In November, he decided to leave the country for the United States with his wife, Ella, and two step-daughters, Amelia and Gerda. After the war ended in May 1945, Erich worked as a censor for the United States War Department in the American zone of occupation in Germany. He also worked with the World Jewish Congress in Germany to provide aid for those in displaced persons camps.

issue:  1923 July 23
issue: Berlin (Germany)
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Jonas Gross
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:51
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