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Oral history interview with Stan Vaduva

Oral History | Accession Number: 2004.728.4 | RG Number: RG-50.574.0004

Stan Văduva, born on February 7, 1923, discusses returning to Romania after being deported; how the journey lasted eight months, from March 1 until October; how the return home was extremely difficult because of the lack of food; being deported and how the police issued papers for them that contained a list of things they were allowed to take with them; how all animals and goods were taken from them when they arrived at the Tighina customs post; how approximately 60 families were deported in big cars to the Bug River, where they were held in a cave for three months; carrying out forced labor after they were transferred to a Kolkhoz; how a quarter of the people died while staying in the cave and 25 percent died on the way back to Romania; how at the Kolkhozes, where they were taken after the three months spent in the cave, the locals were Russians, but the sector was led by a Romanian Lieutenant Major; how the Russians repeatedly tried to kill the Roma, but they were prevented by the leader of the sector, because the Roma had been brought to the Kolkhozes in order to work; how the Roma who stole animals were shot by the Russian police; witnessing these executions from a distance of 200-300 meters; how when the Roma were taken into the cave, the Jews remained at the surface; how the Jews were forced to dig pits, then aligned and shot by approximately 20 Russians; seeing the execution from a distance; how 100 to 200 Jews were shot; the difficulties of the three months spent in the cave; drinking dirty water and eating grass and even their own shirts; how after three months they were transported to the Kolkhozes in wagons; how not all corpses were buried; how seven members of his family were deported, but only three returned to Romania; and how he lost everything he owned through the deportation and was never reimbursed for the damages.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Stan Vaduva
interview:  2004 September 25
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:37:07
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