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Oral history interview with Călina Păpănău

Oral History | Accession Number: 2004.728.5 | RG Number: RG-50.574.0005

Călina Păpănău, born on March 9, 1930 in Suhaia, Romania, discusses how she was taken away from Zimnicea, Romania with her family; being taken by carriage to Turnu (Turnu Măgurele), Romania; being transported across the Prut River in freight cars; their shelter in windowless buildings without doors; spending two years in terrible conditions; their everyday life, including the misery, dirt, and constant hunger; how many of them died of starvation and that the dead were thrown into mass graves; how nine people were taken away from her family and only four returned; the conditions they lived in and the people who died of starvation; how due to the extreme hunger they were forced to eat seeds picked out from cow dung, fish caught by the Russians and left on the bank of the Bug River, and raw horse meat; how she saw many Roma being shot only 50-60 meters away from where she was staying; how the shooters were possibly German or Russian; the reasons the Romanies were killed; many people being killed, but how some managed to flee; how Romanian soldiers came to get them and transported them back into the country in wagons and by cars; and an aerial bombing she witnessed on their way back.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Calina Papanau
interview:  2004 September 25
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:53:23
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