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Oral history interview with Stephen Erdos

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.1062 | RG Number: RG-50.477.1062

Stephen Erdos discusses his childhood in Oradea (Nagyvárad), Romania; his family's many relocations and his facility with several languages because of this; his father's death in 1937; attending university; being witness to antisemitic acts in Vienna, Austria in April 1938; fleeing to London, England in 1939 for a brief period and returning to Bucharest, Romania; being drafted into the Romanian Army; being transferred to the Hungarian Army when Hungary annexed Northern Transylvania; being demoted to forced labor because he was Jewish; his experiences as a Jewish soldier in the Hungarian Army; his return to Oradea; the occupation of the area by Nazi Germany in March 1944; the ensuing anti-Jewish actions that occurred; the Jewish community being forced to relinquish their property; being forced into a ghetto in May 1944; his deportation to Auschwitz at the end of May 1944, where his mother perished; the advantages he had because of his facility with German; being transferred to a labor camp in Bunzlau; the two-month death march he endured as German troops fled from the approaching Soviet Army; witnessing the infamous Dresden air raid attack; arriving at Dora concentration camp and then being moved to Bergen-Belsen, where he was liberated by British troops in April 1945; his work as a translator with the British War Crimes Commission; marrying and moving to the American Zone in Frankfurt; and immigrating to the United States in 1947.

Stephen Erdos
Lorie Rice
Gina Margello
interview:  1991 November 20
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:37:23
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