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Identification tag that exempted a Jewish child from deportation

Object | Accession Number: 2006.446.2

Identification tag that protected two and half year old Ilona Winograd from deportation in the Lodz ghetto. In 1941, Ilona and her parents, Bella and Marek, were imprisoned in the ghetto after the 1939 German occupation of Poland. From September 5-12, 1942, the Germans conducted a mass deportation, targeting hospital patients, the elderly, and children; over 12,000 people were deported to Chelmno extermination camp. Ilona was not included in the round-up because she was the child of an essential Jewish Council employee; her father was in charge of ghetto housing. During the Aktion, each exempted child was issued a round, wooden tag with their name and required to wear it around their neck. The children were hidden in the hospital on Lagiewnicka Street until the Aktion ended. When the ghetto was liquidated in October 1944, Ilona and her mother were sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp and her father was sent to Oranienburg. They were reunited when the war ended in May 1945. They walked back to Lodz and searched unsuccessfully for relatives. They left for Sweden in 1946 because of postwar antisemitism.

Date
1942 September 05-1942 September 12  (use)
Geography
use : Litzmannstadt-Getto (Lodz ghetto) (historic); Lodz (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Labels
Object Type
Name tags (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ilona W. Barkal
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:08:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn518659