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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto 10 mark coin owned by a former child internee

Object | Accession Number: 2015.544.2

10 mark coin token issued in Łódź Ghetto owned by Ilona Winograd who was born in the ghetto in 1940. Ilona's parents Bella and Marek were forced into the ghetto after the September 1939 German invasion of Poland. From September 5-12, 1942, the Germans conducted a mass deportation, targeting hospital patients, the elderly, and children; over 12,000 people were deported to Chelmno killing center. Ilona was not included in the round-up because she was the child of an essential Jewish Council employee; her father was in charge of ghetto housing. When the ghetto was liquidated in October 1944, Ilona and her mother were sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp and her father was sent to Oranienburg. They were reunited when the war ended in May 1945. They walked back to Łódź and searched unsuccessfully for relatives. They left for Sweden in 1946 because of postwar antisemitism.

issue:  1943
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Tokens (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ilona W. Barkal
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:27:00
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