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Prisoner badge with a yellow bar over a red triangle and 14354 worn by a female inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2015.544.1

Prisoner identification patch owned by Ilona Winograd and believed to be the one worn by her mother Bella when they were imprisoned in Ravensbrück concentration camp from October 1944-May 1945. Germany occupied Poland in September 1939. Her parents Bella and Marek lived in Łódź and were imprisoned in the ghetto where Ilona was born in 1940. On September 5-12, 1942, the Germans conducted a mass deportation, targeting hospital patients, the elderly, and children; over 12,000 people were deported to Chelmno killing center. Ilona was not included in the round-up because she was the child of an essential Jewish Council employee; her father was in charge of ghetto housing. With other children, Ilona was hidden in a hospital until the Aktion ended. When the ghetto was liquidated in October 1944, Ilona and her mother were sent to Ravensbrück and her father was sent to Oranienburg. They were reunited when the war ended in May 1945. They walked back to Łódź and searched unsuccessfully for relatives. They left for Sweden in 1946 because of postwar antisemitism.

Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ilona W. Barkal
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:35
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