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Large text only campaign poster justifying the expansion of Hitler’s powers as Chancellor after the Reichstag fire

Object | Accession Number: 2004.659.3

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    Brief Narrative
    Nazi propaganda broadside issued for the March 5, 1933, Reichstag election in Germany. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933, he called for a new election. On February 27, six days before the election, the Reichstag, the German Parliament, was set on fire. The Nazis blamed the Communists for the fire and the regime was given the authority to jail political opponents without charges and to suspend civil liberties, which included banning newspapers and meetings of opponents or any groups. In this first election under Nazi Party rule, the Nazis received the largest vote percentage, 44%, but still not a majority. On March 23, Hitler was able to have the Reichstag pass the Enabling Act, which gave him dictatorial powers.
    Artwork Title
    Der Reichstag in Flammen!
    Alternate Title
    The Reichstag in Flames!
    publication/distribution:  1933 February
    publication: Berlin (Germany)
    distribution: Munich (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fund
    front, title, upper center, black ink : Der Reichstag / in Flammen! [The Reichstag in Flames!]
    front, center, black ink : Von Kommunisten in Brand gesteckt! / So würde das ganze Land aussehen, wenn der / Kommunismus und die mit ihm verbündete / Sozialdemokratie auch nur auf ein paar / Monate an die Macht kämen! / Brave Bürger als Geiseln an die Wand gestellt! / Den Bauern der roten Hahn aufs Dach gesetzt! / Wie ein Ausschrei muß es durch Deutschland gehen: / Zerstampft den Kommunismus! / Zersch[mette]rt die Sozialdemokratie! [Set on fire by the Communists! Thus the whole country would look, if Communism allied with Social Democracy came to power for only a few months! Good citizens made hostages to the wall! The farmers of the red rooster on the rooftop! Like a scream, it must go through Germany: Stomp Communism! Shatter Social Democracy!]
    front, lower center, black ink : Wählt Hitler Liste 1 [Vote Hitler List 1]
    front, lower left edge, black ink : Verantwortlich: Hans Weidemann, München / F. Lück, Berlin [Responsible: Hans Weidemann, Munich / F. Lück, Berlin]
    Publisher: Franz Lück
    Distributor: Hans Weidemann
    Hans Weidemann was born in Essen, Germany on May 22, 1904. He studied at the Art Academy in Düsseldorf and was a trained painter by profession. He joined the Nazi Party in 1927 and was given party number 97,362. In 1933, Weidemann was appointed as a speaker in the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda and while there he became a close associate of Joseph Goebbels. On May 25, 1933 Weidemann traveled to the United States to attend the Chicago World’s Fair as a representative of Germany. He was the first member of the Nazi government to enter the U.S. In June 1935, Weidemann was appointed director of Newsreels to influence the public and spread propaganda. He also directed the propaganda film Festliches Nürnberg which chronicled the Nazi Party rallies in Nuremberg in 1936 and 1937. In April 1938, Weidemann joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) number 293,074. After the war he went into hiding and later through the denazification process and worked as a painter. Hans Weidemann, aged 71 died in November 1975.

    Physical Details

    Nazi propaganda
    Physical Description
    Large, text only, white paper broadside with German text in bold, Fraktur typeface printed in black ink. The title is at the top in large font. The center section has 6 lines of text flanked on the left by a vertical, black rectangle with lines of text above and below. The lower section has Hitler in large font with a large swastika on the left and a large numerical 1 on the right. The typeface varies in size with a few lines and phrases underlined for emphasis. Publication information is near the lower left edge. The poster is creased and discolored with age.
    overall: Height: 48.000 inches (121.92 cm) | Width: 33.500 inches (85.09 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004.
    Funding Note
    The acquisition of this collection was made possible by The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fund.
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-08-31 14:47:00
    This page:

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