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Painting by Sophia Kalski based on her experiences as a young girl visiting friends in a sparsely furnished interior in the Lwow ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 2004.698.10

Oil painting created by Sophia Kalski after 1980 about her life as a 9 year girl n the ghetto in Lwow, Poland (L’viv, Ukraine), from summer 1942 - March 1943. It depicts In Sophia’s word: "Slice of bread. Lwow ghetto in the winter of 1943. During one of the visits with a friend of my father in the ghetto, I didn't eat anything on this particular day and probably they saw the hunger in my face because my father's friend asked me if I ate something that day, and I lied and said yes. He had one thin slice of bread that he smuggled from forced labor with the Germans, that he wanted to divide the slice of bread into two. But I did not agree, because there was nothing to divide. And I hoped that the next day that I would get something to eat."
In early 1942, Sophia and her parents, Natan and Sarah, were imprisoned in the Jewish ghetto in Trembowla, Poland (Terebovlia, Ukraine), by the occupying Germans. Natan escaped to Lwow, and Sophia was sent to live with him. In January 1943, Natan, died of typhus. Ten year old Sophia was on her own in the ghetto until March when she was able to escape and get back to Trembowla. That summer, the Germans began to destroy the ghetto, killing or deporting its Jewish residents. Sophia and her mother escaped to Humniska, where a Gentile couple, Anna and Voitek Gutonski, hid them in an underground burrow until the Soviet army liberated the area in March 1944.

Artwork Title
Slice of bread
creation:  approximately 1987
depiction:  1943 February
creation: Israel
depiction: Lwow (Poland) (historic); L'viv (Ukraine)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sophia Kalski
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:47:37
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