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Painting by Sophia Kalski of the grove of trees where she and her mother hid after escaping the Trembowla ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 2004.698.17

Oil painting created by Sophia Kalski in 1982 about her escape as a 10 year old girl with her mother from the ghetto in Trembowla, Poland (Terebovlia, Ukraine) in the summer of 1943. It depicts the grove of trees through which she and her mother fled after their escape. In Sophia’s words: "Picture of eastern European forest, green, dark and moist. I walked from the field near Trembowla together with my mother to the village Umniska - this was at night in the summer 1943."
In early 1942, Sophia and her parents, Natan and Sarah, were imprisoned in the Jewish ghetto in Trembowla, Poland (Terebovlia, Ukraine), by the occupying Germans. Natan escaped to Lwow, and Sophia was sent to live with him. In January 1943, Natan, died of typhus. Ten year old Sophia was on her own in the ghetto until March when she was able to escape and get back to Trembowla. That summer, the Germans began to destroy the ghetto, killing or deporting its Jewish residents. Sophia and her mother escaped to Humniska, where a Gentile couple, Anna and Voitek Gutonski, hid them in an underground burrow until the Soviet army liberated the area in March 1944.

Artwork Title
Forest at Night
creation:  1982
depiction:  1943 June
creation: Israel
depiction: Trembowla ghetto (Poland) (historic); Terebovlia (Ukraine)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sophia Kalski
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:47:38
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