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Burned fragments Talmudic commentary recovered during Kristallnacht by a Jewish Austrian girl

Object | Accession Number: 2015.337.2 a-b

Burned fragments of Talmudic commentary on the Shabbat chapter by Rif (Rabbi Isaac Alfasi) and Rabbeinu Nissim recovered by Mathilde Schwarz (later Rosenblatt) during the Kristallnacht pogrom of November 9-10, 1938. She brought the fragments with her to the United States in February 1940, when she emigrated from Vienna, Austria, to live with her older sister, Estera. Mathilde lived in Vienna with her parents, Gershom and Rachel, and Estera (Bertha.) On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria and created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. In July, Estera, married Berthold Stoeckel. During Kristallnacht, Mathilde watched from her apartment as synagogues and Jewish businesses were attacked, and Jewish religious texts were burned across the city. In late December, Estera and Berthold immigrated to the US. In January 1939, Mathilde received an alien passport for the German Reich. Not long after, she and her parents escaped to Częstochowa, Poland. Later in the year, Mathilde was allowed to return alone to Vienna, and gather the required documentation for her anticipated immigration to the US. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. On December 30, Mathilde renewed her passport. On February 3, 1940, Mathilde received a US visa, and two days later bought a train ticket to Rotterdam, Netherlands. On February 10, Mathilde boarded the SS Volendam and sailed to the US, where she reunited with Estera. On May 1, 1945, Mathilde married Samuel Rosenblatt, a fellow Viennese émigré. Mathilde later learned that both her parents were murdered during the Holocaust.

Date
found:  1938 November 09-1938 November 11
emigration:  1940 February 10-1940 February 22
Geography
found: Vienna (Austria)
en route: United States
Language
German
Hebrew
Classification
Information Forms
Genre/Form
Religious books.
Extent
1 folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert and Steven Rosenblatt
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn526973