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Chumash brought to the US by a young, female Jewish Austrian refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 2015.337.3

Bound Torah brought to the United States by 16-year-old Mathilde (Tilli) Schwarz (later Rosenblatt) in February 1940, when she emigrated from Vienna, Austria. Pressed between the pages of the book, Mathilde carried photos of her parents, Gershom and Rachel, and two burned fragments of Talmudic commentary she recovered during the Kristallnacht pogrom of November 9-10, 1938. Mathilde lived in Vienna with her parents and older sister, Estera (Bertha.) On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria and created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. In July, Mathilde’s sister, Estera, married Berthold Stoeckel. During Kristallnacht, Mathilde watched from her apartment as synagogues and Jewish businesses were attacked, and Jewish religious texts were burned across the city. In late December, Estera and Berthold immigrated to the US. In January 1939, Mathilde received an alien passport for the German Reich. Not long after, she and her parents escaped to Częstochowa, Poland. Later in the year, Mathilde was allowed to return alone to Vienna, and gather the required documentation for her anticipated immigration to the US. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. On December 30, Mathilde renewed her passport. On February 3, 1940, Mathilde received a US visa, and two days later bought a train ticket to Rotterdam, Netherlands. On February 10, Mathilde boarded the SS Volendam and sailed to the US, where she reunited with Estera. On May 1, 1945, Mathilde married Samuel Rosenblatt, a fellow Viennese émigré. Mathilde later learned that both her parents were murdered during the Holocaust.

Alternate Title
Chamisha Chushei Torah
Five Books of the Torah
Die fünf Bücher Mose
The Five Books of Moses
Date
publication:  1922
emigration:  1940 February 10-1940 February 22
Geography
publication: Berlin (Germany)
en route: United States
Language
Hebrew
German
Genre/Form
Religious books.
Extent
1 folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert and Steven Rosenblatt
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:44
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn526981