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Hebrew and German prayer book owned by an Austrian Jewish refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 2017.480.2

Festgebete der Israeliten, a Jewish prayer book, likely brought to the United States by Dr. Leopold (Leo) Stoer when he emigrated from Vienna, Austria, in September 1938. The book belonged to his mother, Karoline Stoer (née Kohn), or one of his other female relatives, who would need it in the US if successfully able to immigrate there. Leo lived in Vienna with his parents, Alfred and Karoline, and seven younger siblings: Juli, Grete, Hedi, Fritz, Erna, Trude, and Otto. In 1915, Alfred, a master decorator by trade, was selected to fight in World War I (1914-1918). Leo’s sister, Hedi, died from whooping cough. After Leo graduated from school, he worked at an insurance company and took some university courses. He passed the university entrance exams in 1928 and began his PhD program the following year. In early 1936, Leo began dating Herta Schwarzbart. In November 1937, Leo was promoted after passing qualifying exams. On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed into Germany. Later that month, Leo and Herta married, but continued to live separately in Vienna. Leo immigrated to the US in September 1938, after helping his family flee to Belgium. Herta followed him in February 1939. In September, the couple moved to California, where they began running a chicken farm to raise money to help their families immigrate. As World War II progressed, Herta and Leo lost contact with most family members. Leo later learned that his entire family had been deported to concentration camps and killed in 1942. All but two of Herta’s family members had been deported to concentration camps and killed by 1943.

Alternate Title
Festgebete der Israeliten
Feast Prayers of the Israelites
Date
publication:  1885
emigration:  1938 September
Geography
en route: United States
publication: Budapest (Hungary)
use: Vienna (Austria)
Language
German
Hebrew
Genre/Form
Religious books.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joyce Stoer Cordi
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn593629