Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Circular, geometric-patterned earring owned by an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2017.480.3

Single damascene earring brought to the United States by Herta Schwarzbart Stoer when she emigrated from Vienna, Austria, in February 1939. The earring likely belonged to her mother, Pauline Schwarzbart (née Flesch). Herta lived in Vienna with her mother and father, Arthur Schwarzbart, and four siblings: Hilda, Fritz, Ella, and Hansi. Arthur died from tetanus in November 1914 during his military service in World War I. As a result, Pauline had to close the lingerie business they ran together before the war. Her daughter, Hilda began making and selling children’s clothing out of a storefront below their apartment. Pauline’s younger children were sent to an orphanage. Herta was transferred to a boarding school for Jewish orphan girls, where she later returned as a teacher. In 1932, Hansi married and moved to Palestine. In early 1936, Herta began dating Leopold (Leo) Stoer. In June 1937, Pauline passed away. On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed into Germany, and Herta married Leo later that month. Leo immigrated to the US in September 1938, followed by Herta in February 1939. In September, the couple moved to California, where they began running a chicken farm to raise money to help their families immigrate. As World War II progressed, Herta and Leo lost contact with most family members. Herta later learned that her family members had been deported to concentration camps and killed by 1943, except for her sister-in-law and nephew, who survived in hiding in Belgium. Leo’s entire family had been deported to concentration camps and killed in 1942.

emigration:  1939 February
en route: United States
emigration: Vienna (Austria)
Object Type
Earrings (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joyce Stoer Cordi
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 10:20:34
This page: