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Paper merchandise bag from a clothing store run by Austrian Jewish women

Object | Accession Number: 2017.480.6

This paper merchandise bag was made for use in the children’s clothing store that Hilda Schwarzbart ran with her mother, Pauline, in Vienna, Austria. The bag was brought to the United States by Hilda’s sister, Herta Schwarzbart Stoer, when she immigrated in February 1939. Hilda lived in Vienna with her parents, Pauline and Arthur Schwarzbart, and four siblings: Herta, Fritz, Ella, and Hansi. Arthur died from tetanus in November 1914 during his military service in World War I. As a result, Pauline had to close the lingerie business they ran together before the war, and send the younger children to an orphanage. Hilda and Pauline started their clothing store. In 1931, Hilda’s brother, Fritz, married Sara Schneider, and later they had a son. In 1932, Hansi married and moved to Palestine. In June 1937, Pauline passed away. On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed into Germany, and Herta married Leopold Stoer later that month. Leo immigrated to the US in September 1938, followed by Herta in February 1939. Authorities forced Hilda to give up her store because she was Jewish, but she continued to sell clothing from her apartment. In July 1941, American consulates in German-occupied territory closed, preventing Hilda and Ella from acquiring immigration visas. On May 27, 1942, Hilda and Ella, were deported to Maly Trostinec concentration camp near Minsk, Belorussia (now Belarus). They were killed on June 1. Many of Hilda’s family members were also deported and killed by 1943, except for Fritz’s wife and son, who survived in hiding.

manufacture:  approximately 1920-before 1939 February
emigration:  1939 February
manufacture: Vienna (Austria)
en route: United States
Object Type
Paper Bags (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joyce Stoer Cordi
Record last modified: 2023-05-30 10:26:55
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