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Oral history interview with Marcel Hodak

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.999.0493

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Marcel Hodak, born August 25, 1937, in Paris, France, discusses his mother Feiga, and father Jules, who were Romanian Jews who had emigrated to Constantinople and later to Paris to escape pogroms in their native country; being the youngest of four children; his father’s work as a presser in the women’s garment industry, and his mother’s work as a seamstress; the German occupation of France beginning in May 1940; the two regimes in France (northern France was under direct German control and southern France remained unoccupied, but was ruled by a French collaborationist government headquartered in the city of Vichy); the strict laws against the Jews; being at risk for deportation in 1942 after an edict revoking the citizenship of Jewish émigrés and their children was issued; moving to southern France to Brides-les-Bains; his oldest brother Jean, who joined a French resistance group called Le Maquis; the liberation of France; returning to Paris in 1944; seeing General Eisenhower, General Charles De Gaulle, and General Philippe Leclerc lead a victory parade down the Champs Elysees accompanied by thousands of freedom fighters; immigrating to the United States with his family; and settling in Brooklyn, NY. [Note: this summary may not reflect the entirety of the interview; it may also contain additional biographical information that is not discussed in the interview.]

Interviewee
Mr. Marcel Hodak
Date
2014 August 13  (interview)
Geography
creation : Washington (D.C.)
Language
English
Extent
1 digital file.
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Record last modified: 2018-11-29 14:49:55
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn598606