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Card made by two young internees to thank a US aid worker

Object | Accession Number: 2014.500.2

Thank you card made for Roswell McClelland, a US aid worker, by prisoners in Les Milles internment camp in France between 1941 and 1942. Roswell and his wife, Marjorie, went to Europe in August 1940 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), a Quaker organization that promotes development, service and peace programs throughout the world. Roswell directed an AFSC refugee relief office in Rome until August 1941, when the office officially closed. Roswell and Marjorie were then sent to another AFSC office in Marseille, a port city in the southern part of France. Marseille was located in Vichy France, the unoccupied, southern half of France that was ruled by the collaborationist Vichy Government. Roswell worked to provide relief for prisoners in Les Milles internment camp and Marjorie worked to select children for the USCOM children’s transport to the US in summer 1942. Late that summer, the couple moved to Geneva to establish a special office of the AFSC’s Relief & Refugee Section in Switzerland. Roswell and his office developed several programs to provide refugees with financial assistance, clothing, and preparation for emigration. On January 22, 1944, President Roosevelt established the War Refugee Board (WRB) to carry out an official American policy of rescue and relief for victims of the war and Nazi persecution. In March, Roswell was selected as the Board’s representative in Switzerland, a post he held until the end of the war in May 1945.

creation:  1941 August-1942 May
received:  after 1941 August
creation: Les Milles internment camp; Les Milles (France)
Information Forms
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Kirk McClelland
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:13
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