Roswell and Marjorie McClelland papers
Consists of correspondence, reports, and drafts created and collected by Roswell and Marjorie McClelland regarding their work for the American Friends Service Committee in Europe between 1940-1945, and Roswell McClelland's work as a War Refugee Board representative in Switzerland, 1944-1945. Includes personal correspondence to family; War Refugee Board weekly reports; drafts and copies of the Auschwitz Protocols; drafts of a report entitled "An unpublished chapter in the history of the deportation of foreign Jews from France in 1942," written by Roswell in 1942-43 and later revised for possible publication; McClelland's copies of War Refugee Board cables and notes; and correspondence with historians and documentarians studying American responses to the Holocaust.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Kirk McClelland
Record last modified: 2019-12-05 21:18:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn80304
Also in Roswell and Marjorie McClelland collection
The collection consists of a handmade card, correspondence, photographs, reports, and drafts relating to the experiences of Roswell and Marjorie McClelland and their work for the American Friends Service Committee in Europe from 1940-1945, and Roswell McClelland’s work as a War Refugee Board representative in Switzerland, 1944-1945.
Thank you card made for Roswell McClelland, a US aid worker, by prisoners in Les Milles internment camp in France between 1941 and 1942. Roswell and his wife, Marjorie, went to Europe in August 1940 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), a Quaker organization that promotes development, service and peace programs throughout the world. Roswell directed an AFSC refugee relief office in Rome until August 1941, when the office officially closed. Roswell and Marjorie were then sent to another AFSC office in Marseille, a port city in the southern part of France. Marseille was located in Vichy France, the unoccupied, southern half of France that was ruled by the collaborationist Vichy Government. Roswell worked to provide relief for prisoners in Les Milles internment camp and Marjorie worked to select children for the USCOM children’s transport to the US in summer 1942. Late that summer, the couple moved to Geneva to establish a special office of the AFSC’s Relief & Refugee Section in Switzerland. Roswell and his office developed several programs to provide refugees with financial assistance, clothing, and preparation for emigration. On January 22, 1944, President Roosevelt established the War Refugee Board (WRB) to carry out an official American policy of rescue and relief for victims of the war and Nazi persecution. In March, Roswell was selected as the Board’s representative in Switzerland, a post he held until the end of the war in May 1945.