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Oral history interviews with Raymonde Fiol

Oral History | Accession Number: 2015.250.13 | RG Number: RG-50.882.0013

Raymonde (Ray) Fiol (née Nathansohn), born in Paris, France in 1936, describes her mother, who was a dressmaker, and her father, who was in the handbag business; being foreign-born Jews in France and how this made their lives especially dangerous under the Nazis; being three years old when the Germans invaded; having one memory from that time: her mother wearing a yellow Star of David on her clothing and a Nazi stopping her in the street and asking why Ray was not wearing a star (children her age were not required to wear the star); learning as an adult about her parents’ fates; her parents being forced into a labor camp and being made to work the land; her parents being in the Drancy transit camp in 1942 and then deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where they were killed in January 1944; her parents arranging to have her smuggled out of the labor camp by a member of the French Resistance; staying with a couple her for the rest of the war, posing as their niece who left Paris for safety; how the whole village knew the truth and kept her secret; registering with the German authorities when she first arrived in the village; the German in charge of the village and her suspicion that he knew she was Jewish; speaking Yiddish fluently and translating German for her adopted parents; and the liberation of her area by the Americans in August 1944.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Raymonde Fiol
Esther Finder
Brett Levner
1 digital file : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Esther Toporek Finder
Record last modified: 2021-02-17 09:58:58
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