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Oral history interview with Tom Figueras

Oral History | Accession Number: 2015.250.19 | RG Number: RG-50.882.0019

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Tom Figueras (né Nadelstecher), born in Uzhorod, Czechoslovakia (Ukraine) in October 1927, describes changing his last name after the war; his father, who was a dentist; his one brother, who was a musical prodigy and played the violin in the orchestra in the Buchenwald concentration camp until he was sent to Bergen-Belsen; his other brother, who was a heavy smoker and traded his bread for cigarettes in the concentration camp; no one in his immediate family surviving the war; the Nazis arriving in his town in March 1944 and being sent within two months to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he stayed three days; being transported to the Gross-Rosen cluster of camps in Germany; his leather shoes wearing out and being forced to wear ill-fitting wooden clogs, which damaged his feet; staying in a hospital for three months; being force-marched to Bergen-Belsen and how most of the other prisoners with him did not survive; getting himself on a transport to Hildesheim, Germany; the housing of the Jewish laborers in a synagogue in Hildesheim; his job pulling dead bodies out of bomb shelters; often finding food in those shelters; American bombers destroying the town; marching back to Bergen-Belsen; how conditions there had deteriorated in the weeks he had been away; and being liberated by the British on April 15, 1945.

Interviewee
Tom Figueras
Interviewer
Esther Finder
Language
English
Extent
10 digital files : MOV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Esther Toporek Finder
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn608187