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Factory-printed Star of David badge printed with Jude, belonging to a German Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2016.552.2

Yellow, factory-printed Star of David badge stitched to a backing fabric by Selma Ansbacher and worn at all times by her daughter, Sigrid Ansbacher (later Strauss) in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, between September 1, 1941 and September 17, 1942. She began wearing the star after the September 1, 1941 decree that all Jews in the Reich six years of age or older were required to wear a yellow star badge. The badge was sewn onto outer clothing and used to stigmatize and control the Jewish population following Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 and the passage of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. Before the war, Sigrid’s father, Ludwig, owned a fabric store in the small town of Dinkelsbühl, Germany, but eventually closed it and moved the family to Frankfurt in 1937. Sigrid’s oldest brother, Manfred, immigrated to Australia by 1939. In May 1942, Sigrid’s other brother, Heinz, was deported to Majdanek killing center in German-occupied Poland and was killed in August. Sigrid, her mother, Selma, and her father, Ludwig, were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia in September 1942. Initially, Selma was assigned to work in the kitchens and later moved to the mica-splitting facility. In 1944, Sigrid was deported to a number of concentration camps where she performed forced labor, including: Auschwitz in German-occupied Poland, Kurzbach and Gross-Rosen in Germany, Mauthausen in Austria, and Bergen-Belsen in Germany, where she was liberated by British forces on April 15, 1945. Her parents, Selma and Ludwig, remained at Theresienstadt until the Soviet Army liberated the camp on May 9, 1945, and the couple moved back to Frankfurt. They immigrated to the United States in July 1946, where Sigrid joined them the following December.

Date
after 1941 September 01-approximately 1942 September 17
Geography
use : Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Genre/Form
Magen David badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sigrid Jean Ansbacher Strauss
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn616253