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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 20 kronen note, belonging to a German Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2016.552.25

Scrip, valued at 20 kronen, distributed to Selma Ansbacher and her family in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia between May 1943 and May 1945. At Theresienstadt, currency was confiscated from inmates and replaced with scrip, which could only be used in the camp. Before the war, Selma’s husband, Ludwig Ansbacher, owned a fabric store in the small town of Dinkelsbühl, Germany. In 1937 they moved to Frankfurt. They sent their oldest son Manfred to an agricultural school near Hanover and he immigrated to Australia by 1939. In May 1942, their son Heinz was deported to Majdanek killing center in German-occupied Poland and was killed in August. Selma, Ludwig, and their daughter Sigrid were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia in September 1942. Initially, Selma worked as a group leader in the kitchen, peeling potatoes for soups. She later worked in the mica-splitting facility, a job that contributed to the war effort, which she tried to use as leverage when Sigrid was assigned to a transport out of Theresienstadt. In 1944, Sigrid was deported to a number of concentration camps, including Auschwitz in German-occupied Poland and Bergen-Belsen in Germany, where she was liberated by British forces on April 15, 1945. Selma and Ludwig remained at Theresienstadt until the Soviet Army liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. The couple moved back to Frankfurt before immigrating to the United States in July 1946, where Sigrid joined them the following December.

Date
after 1943 May-before 1945 May 09  (use)
1943 January 01  (publication)
Geography
issue : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Hebrew
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Genre/Form
Money.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sigrid Jean Ansbacher Strauss
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn616280