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Oral history interview with Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely

Oral History | Accession Number: 2016.198.70 | RG Number: RG-50.944.0072

Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely, born April 27, 1943, discusses her family and early life; her father, who was a doctor (specialist in tuberculosis treatment) and moved to France from Romania around 1928 to finish his medical studies; her mother, who was from Austria and was in Paris studying languages; her parents’ marriage in Paris and their French citizenship; her sister’s birth in 1936; her father’s position as the director of a sanatorium along the Belgian border; her father’s mobilization, arrest at the battle of Dunkirk, and imprisonment in a stalag in what is now Poland; her father’s conversion from Judaism to Protestantism after meeting a student with whom he had long discussions day by day about religion; her mother and elder sister living in Paris until the Germans invaded France and they went to Châteauroux; her father falling very ill in the Stalag and being repatriated to Lyon in 1942, at the time of the Pétain legislation forbidding Jews to practice medicine; her family reuniting in Saint-Agrève at the Pension du Lac where there were Jewish and other refugees; her mother’s month-long perilous journey with elder daughter across the Pyrenees crossing the demarcation line to Saint-Agrève; her father journeying from Lyon; her father working with a village doctor (Docteur Tourasse [PH]) and joining the Resistance as a doctor; the hospital at the château de Clavières in Saint-Agrève that treated members of the Resistance; her father being wounded when his car was hit by the US bombardment in August 1944; her father’s death a day later when Thérèse was 15 months old; being raised by her godmother Octavie Jouve [PH], who ran the Pension du Lac, while her mother left for Soissons and then Paris to teach; being raised as a Protestant; the divide in Saint-Agrève between Catholics and Protestants; her marriage to her husband Bernard, a Catholic, which was a shock to her grandmother (she later accepted him); and her three children and seven grandchildren.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Michaely, Thérèse
Kriza, Borbála
interview:  2018 November 05
creation: Saint-Agrève (France)
1 digital file : MP4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:16:42
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