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Oral history interview with Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.198.70 | RG Number: RG-50.944.0072

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    Oral history interview with Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely


    Interview Summary
    Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely, born April 27, 1943, discusses her family and early life; her father, who was a doctor (specialist in tuberculosis treatment) and moved to France from Romania around 1928 to finish his medical studies; her mother, who was from Austria and was in Paris studying languages; her parents’ marriage in Paris and their French citizenship; her sister’s birth in 1936; her father’s position as the director of a sanatorium along the Belgian border; her father’s mobilization, arrest at the battle of Dunkirk, and imprisonment in a stalag in what is now Poland; her father’s conversion from Judaism to Protestantism after meeting a student with whom he had long discussions day by day about religion; her mother and elder sister living in Paris until the Germans invaded France and they went to Châteauroux; her father falling very ill in the Stalag and being repatriated to Lyon in 1942, at the time of the Pétain legislation forbidding Jews to practice medicine; her family reuniting in Saint-Agrève at the Pension du Lac where there were Jewish and other refugees; her mother’s month-long perilous journey with elder daughter across the Pyrenees crossing the demarcation line to Saint-Agrève; her father journeying from Lyon; her father working with a village doctor (Docteur Tourasse [PH]) and joining the Resistance as a doctor; the hospital at the château de Clavières in Saint-Agrève that treated members of the Resistance; her father being wounded when his car was hit by the US bombardment in August 1944; her father’s death a day later when Thérèse was 15 months old; being raised by her godmother Octavie Jouve [PH], who ran the Pension du Lac, while her mother left for Soissons and then Paris to teach; being raised as a Protestant; the divide in Saint-Agrève between Catholics and Protestants; her marriage to her husband Bernard, a Catholic, which was a shock to her grandmother (she later accepted him); and her three children and seven grandchildren.
    Thérèse Zwiebel Michaely
    Borbála Kriza
    interview:  2018 November 05
    creation: Saint-Agrève (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MP4.

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    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch produced this oral history interview as part of the European Holocaust Survivors project.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:38:01
    This page:

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