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Oral history interview with Maxime Friedenberg

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.198.71 | RG Number: RG-50.944.0073

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    Oral history interview with Maxime Friedenberg


    Interview Summary
    Maxime Friedenberg, born in 1935 in France, describes his family and early life; his father, who was born in Odessa, Russia; his mother, who was born in 1912 in Poland and immigrated to France at the age of 21; his parents meeting in Lyon, France, where they eventually settled; speaking Yiddish at home; his aunt Bella Barsky [PH], who was a Communist militant whose activism influenced him early in life; his family’s move to Roanne, France, where there was an immigrant Jewish population engaged in various clothing trades; his early experience with antisemitism; the support of the Protestant community; his teacher Maurice Gillot [PH] telling his father to place Maxime in hiding in 1941; being taken in by Mme. Marie Dulac [PH], who was a widow with a home on a farm in Le Buis (possibly Buis-les Baronnies); staying with Mme. Marie Dulac for about a year; his parents going into hiding, aided by Léon Ferbert [PH], the village baker; his family assuming the surname Rigault [SP]; his father's arrest and dispatch to a detention camp in Marseille for eventual deportation; his father saving himself by jumping from a truck and returning to the Chambon-sur-Lignon plateau, where the family again went into hiding aided by Charles Ferié Sabatier [PH]; reuniting with his family; the numerous Jewish families hidden on the plateau, in towns such as Pierre Plantée and Frèsnes; how the hidden Jews were not fed but only provided lodging by the Protestant residents; the ethos of the period which was one of constant worry, fear, and mistrust; and his father and other Jews joining a maquis on the plateau which retrieved arms and other goods from the Allies’ parachute drops in the area and delivered them to the fighting maquis in the area.
    Maxime Friedenberg
    Borbála Kriza
    interview:  2018 November 07
    creation: Roanne (Loire, France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MP4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Friedenberg, Maxime.

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch produced this oral history interview as part of the European Holocaust Survivors project.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:38:01
    This page:

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