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Oral history interview with Maxime Friedenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 2016.198.71 | RG Number: RG-50.944.0073

Maxime Friedenberg, born in 1935 in France, describes his family and early life; his father, who was born in Odessa, Russia; his mother, who was born in 1912 in Poland and immigrated to France at the age of 21; his parents meeting in Lyon, France, where they eventually settled; speaking Yiddish at home; his aunt Bella Barsky [PH], who was a Communist militant whose activism influenced him early in life; his family’s move to Roanne, France, where there was an immigrant Jewish population engaged in various clothing trades; his early experience with antisemitism; the support of the Protestant community; his teacher Maurice Gillot [PH] telling his father to place Maxime in hiding in 1941; being taken in by Mme. Marie Dulac [PH], who was a widow with a home on a farm in Le Buis (possibly Buis-les Baronnies); staying with Mme. Marie Dulac for about a year; his parents going into hiding, aided by Léon Ferbert [PH], the village baker; his family assuming the surname Rigault [SP]; his father's arrest and dispatch to a detention camp in Marseille for eventual deportation; his father saving himself by jumping from a truck and returning to the Chambon-sur-Lignon plateau, where the family again went into hiding aided by Charles Ferié Sabatier [PH]; reuniting with his family; the numerous Jewish families hidden on the plateau, in towns such as Pierre Plantée and Frèsnes; how the hidden Jews were not fed but only provided lodging by the Protestant residents; the ethos of the period which was one of constant worry, fear, and mistrust; and his father and other Jews joining a maquis on the plateau which retrieved arms and other goods from the Allies’ parachute drops in the area and delivered them to the fighting maquis in the area.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Friedenberg, Maxime
Interviewer
Kriza, Borbála
Date
interview:  2018 November 07
Geography
creation: Roanne (Loire, France)
Language
French
Extent
1 digital file : MP4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
 
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:16:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn671401