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History book by Judaeus with a postcard that belonged to a Jewish refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 1992.8.3 a-b

Cultural history book from the library of Isaac Ossowski, a prominent member of the Jewish community in Berlin, Germany, who emigrated in 1938 to avoid the increasing persecution of Jews by the government of Nazi Germany. It is a narrative of the culture, history, and traditions of the Hasidic movement. The greeting card probably was received by Sol Oster for his ninth birthday in 1925. It offers blessings for Yom Kippur, best wishes for the New Year, and birthday congratulations. Rabbi Ossowski was head shochet [ritual slaughterer], mohel [practitioner of ritual circumcision], sofer [scribe], and hazan [cantor/musical prayer leader] at the Alte Shul [Old Synagogue]. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933, increasingly severe sanctions were enacted against Jews. Isaac was repeatedly questioned by the SS (Schutzstaffel; Protection Squadrons) who gathered intelligence on opponents of the Nazi state and policed racial purity. In 1934, he sent his youngest son, 14 year old Sally (Sol), to Lithuania to study at a yeshiva. In 1936, his sons, Joseph and Leo, left for the United States. In December 1936, Sol received a notice to register with the German embassy. Afraid that his passport would be confiscated, Sol applied to a seminary in London and went into hiding. He needed an acceptance letter to get a student visa for England and when it arrived in June 1937, he left for London. In 1938, Isaac and his wife, Frida, and their daughter, Nettie, escaped Nazi Germany and joined Joseph in the US. Sol joined them there in 1939.

Title
Der Baalschem von Michelstadt : Kulturgeschichte. Erzahlung
Date
1921-1922  (publication/distribution)
1938  (emigration)
approximately 1910-1938  (use)
1927-1927  (received)
Geography
use : Berlin (Germany)
Language
German
Hebrew
English
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sol Oster
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Record last modified: 2017-10-25 14:24:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn7130