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El Hakim: Roman

Object | Accession Number: 1993.27.1

Book, El Hakim, obtained by Julian Hirshfeld while a prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany in 1945. It is inscribed and stamped with the camp identification. After Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, Julian and his family were interned in Łódź Ghetto. Julian, a 35 year old Jewish textile engineer, was taken from the Ghetto around 1943. He then was interned at Birkenau, Auschwitz, Goleshau, and Buchenwald concentration camps. His first wife, Hela, and daughter, Fryda, 11, were deported from Łódź Ghetto and killed in Auschwitz. Julian's skills as a textile chemist were useful to the Germans and he was employed at various German textile plants during his imprisonment. He believes this is why he survived. He was liberated at Buchenwald on April 11, 1945, by US troops and sent to the Red Cross camp at the Hotel Lutetia in Paris. On September 21, 1946, Julian married Franka Rosenblum, whom he had known before and during the war. Franka, from Zawiercie, was a forced laborer and resistance member, deported in August 1943 to Auschwitz-Birkenau where she was shaved, given rags to wear, and tattooed with number 56362. She worked in a hospital, then in a Krupp ammunition factory. In January 1945, she was on death marches to Malkov, Ravensbrück, and Leipzig, where she escaped and hid. The area was soon liberated and she was relocated to a refugee camp in France. A few months after her marriage to Julian, Franka and their infant daughter emigrated to the United States. Julian followed in 1949.

Alternate Title
Doctor Ibrahim
publication/distribution:  1936
received:  1945 April
publication: Berlin (Germany)
received: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Object Type
Books (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Frances Hirshfeld, in memory of her husband Dr. Julian Hirshfeld, and their family members who perished during the Holocaust
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 13:58:28
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