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Metal pin made for a former concentration camp inmate with her prisoner number and the camps where she was held

Object | Accession Number: 1993.27.34

Commemorative pin made for Franka Rosenblum, 25, by a friend after the war in Germany, around May 1945. The pin is engraved with the names of the concentration and labor camps in which Franka was interned from 1943-1945. Franka and her family were from Zawiercie, Poland, which was invaded by Germany in September 1939. She was a forced laborer in a steel mill and involved with the resistance. On August 26, 1943, she was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau where she was shaved, given rags to wear, and tattooed with the number 56362. She worked in a hospital, then in a Krupp ammunition factory. In January 1945, she was forced on marches to Malkov, Ravensbrück, and Leipzig, where she escaped and hid. The area was soon liberated and she was relocated to a refugee camp in France. Her family in Poland was killed. In Paris, she encountered Julian Hirshfeld, whom she had known before and during the war. Julian, originally from Łódź, was transported from 1942-1945 to several concentration camps because his skills as a textile engineer were valuable to the Germans. He was interned at Birkenau, Auschwitz, Goleshau, and liberated in April 1945 at Buchenwald. His first wife Hela and 10 year old daughter Fryda were murdered in Auschwitz. Franka and Julian married on September 26, 1946. A few months later, Franka and their infant daughter emigrated to the United States. Julian followed in 1949.

creation:  approximately 1945 April-1945 May
commemoration:  1943-1945
creation: Germany
Pins (Jewelry)
Object Type
Brooches (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Frances Hirshfeld, in memory of her husband Dr. Julian Hirshfeld, and their family members who perished during the Holocaust
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:19
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