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Nazi Party pin for Labor Day 1934 found by David F. Busch

Object | Accession Number: 2014.480.38

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    Nazi Party pin for Labor Day 1934 found by David F. Busch

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Nazi Party Labor Day (Tag der Arbeit) 1934 pin retreived by PFC David F. Busch, an American soldier who was stationed in Europe during World War II (1939-1945). Labor Day (also known as May Day) takes place on May 1 to celebrate laborers and the working classes. In April 1933, after the Nazi party took control of the German government, May 1 was appropriated as the “Day of National Work,” with all celebrations organized by the government. On May 2, the Nazi party banned all independent trade-unions, bringing them under state control of the German Labor Front. This style of mass-produced, die stamped pin is often referred to colloquially as a tinnie.
    Date
    issue:  1934
    commemoration:  1934 May 01
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Tara Barenok
    Markings
    front, top, embossed : TAG DER ARBEIT [LABOR DAY]
    front, bottom center, embossed : 1934 / RK
    Contributor
    Designer: Richard Klein
    Subject: David F. Busch
    Biography
    David F. Busch was born on May 25, 1910, in Cleveland, Ohio. He was the third of three children born to John and Margaret Busch. His parents were both born in Germany and married in 1901. John worked as a metal temperer at a factory. When David was young, his father, John, died. In the late 1920s, David completed high school and became a deliveryman. Soon after the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II. On June 18, 1943, David was drafted into the US Army and assigned to the 2nd Infantry Division. In October, he was deployed to the European Theater of Operations, where he fought in Central Europe and Germany. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered. Following his discharge from the military, David returned to Ohio. David, 69, died on October 6, 1979, in Cleveland.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Identifying Artifacts
    Category
    Badges
    Object Type
    Lapel pins (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Badges.
    Physical Description
    Circular, bronze-colored, metal pin with an embossed design. The top center has a head of a man flanked by a hammer on the left and a sickle on the right. Below the head is a Parteiadler, a stylized eagle with its head turned to the right, holding in its claws a wreath with a swastika in its center. German text is around the border above the hammer and the sickle, with numbers at the bottom split by the wreath. A safety-pin style clasp is soldered to the back. The pin may be made from a bronze alloy known as tombac, a mixture of copper and zinc.
    Dimensions
    overall: | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm) | Diameter: 1.375 inches (3.493 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Germany
    Corporate Name
    Nazi Party

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The lapel pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014 by Tara Barenok, the great-niece of David F. Busch.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-17 10:13:38
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn84341

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