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Deutsches Land boxed card deck carried by a Kindertransport refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2014.281.3 a-ax

Deutsches Land [German Country] boxed quartet card game taken with Ellen Fass, 10, in 1939 when she and her brother Gerhard, 5, left Germany on a July 1939 Kindertransport to Great Britain. After Hitler assumed power in 1933, Jews suffered under increasingly punitive restrictions. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Ellen’s father Georg was arrested and sent to Sachenhausen concentration camp. After his release in December, he and Ellen’s mother, Nanette, tried to immigrate to the United States or South America, but could not get visas. They arranged for Ellen and her brother to be sent to England. Ellen lived in Edge with Kate Richmond and Gerhard in Derby with Charles and Esther Freeman. Ellen’s parents were deported to Kaunas (Kovno) in German occupied Lithuania, on November 17, 1941, and killed at the Ninth Fort on November 25. Ellen’s maternal grandparents, Eduard and Dorothea Simon, were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in June 1942, then to Treblinka killing center in September. In May 1946, Ellen immigrated to the United States.

manufacture:  approximately 1935
manufacture: Ravensburg (Germany)
Object Type
Playing cards (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ellen Zilka
Record last modified: 2022-04-04 07:46:56
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