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Blue and green plaid belt for a school uniform worn by a Kindertransport refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2014.281.5

Blue and green plaid cloth belt worn by Ellen Ruth Fass in school in England where she was sent there from Berlin, Germany, in July 1939. Ellen received the belt as part of her school uniform in Edge, England. After Hitler assumed power in 1933, Jews were subject to increasingly punitive restrictions. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Ellen’s father Georg was arrested and sent to Sachenhausen concentration camp. After his release in December, he and Ellen’s mother, Nanette, tried to immigrate to the United States or South America, but could not get visas. They arranged for Ellen, 10, and her brother Gerhard, 5, to be sent to England in summer 1939. Ellen lived in Edge with Kate Richmond and Gerhard lived in Derby with Charles and Esther Freeman. Ellen’s parents were deported to Kaunas, Lithuania, on November 17, 1941, and killed at the Ninth Fort on November 25. Ellen’s maternal grandparents, Eduard and Dorothea Simon, were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in June 1942, then to Treblinka killing center in September. Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. In May 1946, Ellen immigrated to the United States.

Date
approximately 1939 July-1946 May  (use)
Geography
use : Edge (England)
Classification
Dress Accessories
Category
Belts (Clothing)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ellen Zilka
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn88391